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The Evolution of Mindfulness

Jeanne, an old student of mine, approached me the other day about my upcoming Mindful Reflection workshop. “When does it start?” she asked. “It’s about letting go, isn’t it? I’ve got lots to let go of. So much disappointment.”

I love that I teach something practical, that helps people change. Not so long ago skeptics would have said, “Ah, but does it?” Today, criticism is muted. Thousands of scientific studies point to the effectiveness of ‘meditation.’

Still, exactly what that means is far from scientific. The word covers a broad range of practices from transcendental meditation (TM) to tantra. At base, it’s about being quiet and not giving in to distraction, at least outwardly. Beyond that, there are so many variations that you can never be sure two people are talking about the same thing. There’s walking meditation and sitting, vipassana and mantrayana, and then there are things like tai-chi, yoga and Zen archery. Are these all real forms of meditation?

You don’t want to open that can of worms.

Mindfulness: It’s all about change

The meditation that Jeanne learned in my workshops is mindfulness. It’s all over the news these days for its effectiveness in fighting depression, managing pain, reducing blood pressure, treating psoriasis and a host of other conditions. Everyone’s heard of it by now. It’s not just for navel-gazers any more.

Like ‘meditation,’ the word ‘mindfulness’ too triggers a broad spectrum of thinking. Not everyone’s on the same page. At one extreme, it’s a religious practice, just one component of a disciplined, faith-based lifestyle. At the other it’s a non-pharmaceutical approach to stress.

I’ve travelled the gamut from religion to secularism, learning something at every step of the way and adjusting not just my conception of who I am but also how I feel about being me. I would once have described this process as mystical; today I’d call it practical, but I’d also shrug. Call it what you want; it’s a way of life, not a theory.

Mindfulness is not so much
about finding truth as being truthful

It’s all about change. Religious Buddhists want to change into enlightened beings. Secular practitioners want to change their emotional reactivity, or at least their blood pressure. The main complaint of religious types isn’t that secularists have it wrong, but that they’ve watered down a beautiful tradition so much that it’s lost all taste. In return, secularists point out that Buddhist beliefs in reincarnation and magical stories dilute the immensely practicality of mindfulness and turn off many who could otherwise benefit.

Does the truth lie somewhere in between? That’s an interesting question. Mindfulness is not so much about finding truth as being truthful. There’s a difference. The close examination of your own experience is highly subjective. The mind spins truth depending on what it wants from a particular situation. For example, when your ego feels threatened and really needs to win an argument, integrity might take a teeny-weeny back seat; only temporarily; with just a little white lie.

See what I mean? The first casualty of mindfulness is the notion that we’re lucid, consistent and in control. Take note of that as it happens, and you begin the process of rewiring of the brain that scientists get so excited about. Of course, repeatedly shooting ducks and painting sunflowers also rewires your brain, so that’s hardly the point.

Jeanne learned to watch her disappointment and anger: how the emotions came and went, what triggered them and the chain of mental events they set in motion. She also learned that noticing them in real time — as they actually occurred in her daily life — gave her an opportunity to step back, not in one giant leap but incrementally. With practice and encouragement, she’s cultivating a counter-habit.

The way you describe yourself to yourself is
the arbiter of your happiness and unhappiness

Firming up this habit begins with the sort of practice that usually begins in a meditation setting. There, you learn to focus and to let go of distraction in ways that often lead to misunderstanding. Sitting quietly triggers boredom, and the inner chatter we’re trying to relinquish suddenly looks very tempting. To keep your attention in the present moment, teachers use expressions like ‘empty your mind,’ and ‘let go of your thoughts.’ Beginners often conclude from this that discursive thinking is a bad thing, which it isn’t; it’s just an obstacle to that particular practice. In other circumstances we need it very much, to think and function, to manage our careers and lives — and to reflect on our mindfulness practice.

As the mindfulness habit takes root, you also accumulate data about your experience — stuff to think about. We naturally process that data, just as I’m doing here. The way you describe yourself to yourself changes, and you learn that that description is the arbiter of your happiness and unhappiness.

For this reason I teach not just mindfulness, but mindful reflection, the practice of mindfulness in the context of a challenging, thoughtful life. It’s my middle way between the religious idea of transcending our human limitations and the coldness of a mere technique to calm you down. It’s not about transforming or curtailing your life, it’s about facing it creatively. What changes is your approach.

Jeanne knows that this is a lifetime’s work. There’s no perfection, no end-point. She works continuously to keep her baggage to a minimum and to be fully awake to all experience. She wants to sit in on more workshops because mindful reflection is not just about acquiring information but about digging deeper and looking at things from continually evolving angles.

Every day brings new challenges. It’s good to see the practice through the eyes of an experienced teacher. It’s made easier in the company of like-minded people. It’s something that happens in the privacy of your own mind, and yet it transforms your relationships to yourself and to everyone else. Above all, connecting is what life is all about.

 

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9 responses to “The Evolution of Mindfulness”

  1. Mark Knickelbine

    Thank you, Stephen! What you teach is pretty much what my MBSR teachers have presented. What I find so helpful about it is understanding that practice is about catching that “mindfulness habit” — being able to pause, step out of the drama you’re embroiled in at the moment, and see what’s really going on. Often the urgent reality turns out to be just an emotional sensation attaching itself to a mental habit, and suddenly you’ve found this little moment of freedom. You can start to see that the people in your life are not enemies or things to manipulate, but are expressions of the same humanity that you share. Understood in this way, mindfulness practice is far more than just a technique — it’s a profound engagement with life. If that’s “watered down,” so be it.

  2. Ralph Chidiac

    Perfectly presented, expressed and explained.
    I was strolling down the shopping mall the other day simply window shopping, as I came across a monitor screen with actual movement taking place. So I walk towards to the screen to watch a little closer… Wow, to my surprise I was watching myself through a surveillance camera. I started making all kinds of motions and watching the corresponding effect on the screen; familiar yet strange due to the angle of the camera.
    Watching oneself in action is the most effective way to mitigate the instinctive-ness of our reaction. Analogous to the realization that being watched cannot but change our behaviour (hence the absurdity of Reality TV).

  3. Kataraina Mateparae

    Something in between – I love your perspective, Stephen. Mindfulness to be in the present, mindful reflection, and connecting is what life is all about – wise words and perfect timing for me – thanks!

  4. Mike

    Mindfulness is exploding in popularity just as yoga did in the ‘Madonna’ phase. Bad yoga instructors came into being at this time, like gym instructors who had completed a one week yoga training course.

    This is now happening with Mindfulness. I have studied Mindfulness since 2007 (a short time) and I did meditation for many years before that.

    I’m going to do a one year mindfulness course soon. The teacher has been meditating for 40 years and she teaches it full time.

    Just out of interest Stephen, how long have you been meditating and how much training have you done? Do you know the risks of meditation which can occur in certain people? (People rarely talk about the potential risks).

    Hopefully you have at least 15 years experience.

  5. Paul

    Damn! An addiction to your verbal expressions appears and grows….

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